Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV: HSV-1 and HSV-2.
HSV-1 is typically associated with oral herpes, which causes cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth, lips, or nose. It can be transmitted through direct contact with the virus, such as through kissing or sharing drinks or utensils.
HSV-2 is typically associated with genital herpes, which causes outbreaks of small, painful blisters on the genitals, anus, or thighs. It is transmitted through sexual contact and can be transmitted even when there are no visible symptoms present.
Both types of herpes are highly contagious and are transmitted through direct contact with the virus. There is no cure for herpes, but antiviral medications can help reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. It is important to practice safe sex and to use condoms to reduce the risk of transmission of genital herpes. If you are concerned about your risk of infection, it is important to talk to a healthcare provider. They can provide you with information about prevention and treatment options.